Thomas Kivisto Discusses Oil Refining and The 3 Sectors of The Oil Industry


Thomas Kivisto of San Clemente, California, understands that the upstream sector is responsible for finding and extracting oil and gas from the ground. This process can be extremely complex and expensive, depending on the location of the resources. Oil and gas reserves are typically found in sedimentary rocks such as sandstone, limestone, or shale. The drilling process fractures the rocks, and the hydrocarbons are released. A wellhead then collects these resources at the surface


The midstream sector is responsible for transporting, storing, and processing oil and gas products. The main functions of this sector are:


Once resources have been extracted from the ground, they must be transported to a processing facility or other location. Pipelines, trucks, or railroads do this.


Storage facilities are used to store oil and gas products until they are needed. This helps to ensure a continuous supply of these products.


The downstream sector is responsible for marketing and distributing petroleum products. The main functions of this sector are:


The midstream sector also includes processing operations such as refining and liquefaction. These facilities convert crude oil into finished products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, and jet fuel.


Marketing companies promote and sell petroleum products to consumers and businesses.


Distribution companies move petroleum products to individual retailing sites such as gas stations and convenience stores.

Oil Refining Process

Thomas Kivisto understands that the downstream sector includes oil refining. Once crude oil has been produced and transported, it must be refined into finished products such as gasoline or diesel fuel. The refining process separates the raw material’s usable portion, known as distillates. This is done through a series of chemical reactions called fractional distillation.

Fractional Distillation

Fractional distillation involves heating the crude oil to evaporate into various components with

Steps in The Refining Process


The first step in the refining process is to separate the crude oil into its parts. This is done through fractional distillation.


The next step is to purify the fractions to remove any contaminants. This is done by various methods, such as bleaching and deodorizing.


The purified fractions are then distilled again to remove any residual contaminants.


The final step is to blend the fractions to create finished products like gasoline and diesel fuel. This is done to meet specific standards set by governing bodies.


Finally, additives are added to the products to improve their performance or meet specific regulatory requirements. These additives may include detergents, anti-knocking agents, or corrosion inhibitors.

Final Thoughts

The oil refining process is a complex but essential part of the petroleum industry. It is responsible for separating and purifying the crude oil into finished products such as gasoline and diesel fuel. These products are then blended to meet specific standards set by governing bodies. The refining process has come a long way over the past century and plays a vital role in supplying the world with essential energy products.



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Thomas Kivisto

Thomas Kivisto

Thomas Kivisto serves on two board and manages 6 different entities in the Energy industry. Located in San Clemente, California.